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In the analysis phase the concepts and strategies for the provision of trunk infrastructure, esp. for water, sewage and drainage, and the feedbacks between infrastructure and urban growth will be investigated. These feedbacks are reciprocal; urban expansion calls for infrastructure supply while the existence of infrastructure attracts urban development. With poor planning control, the resulting settlement patterns will tend to produce suboptimal utility and household economics, imposing heavy costs on settlers, service providers and municipal governments.

In the initial project phase, the impacts of infrastructure on urban growth and the functioning of the city will be investigated with the intention to asses its potential as a tool to guide urban development. The results will serve as a base for technical and managerial solutions to be developed in the implementation phases.

The resulting concepts, strategies and instruments will be adapted to the peculiar framework of poor developing countries, where weak public authorities, inexperienced private companies and a multitude of informal actors have to be reconciled. Dar es Salaam, one of the success stories of the UN-Habitat Sustainable Cities Programme, provides a favourable environment to develop participatory urban management tools and to test the range of guided planning concepts at the intersection between urban engineering, service economics and livelihoods of the poor.

The project will be jointly conducted with well experienced partners and in interdisciplinary co-operation between academic institutions and private consultancy. Furthermore, working contacts to GTZ have been established which can support the implementation phase. The Faculty of Spatial Planning and the local partner have a ten years record of close co-operation in planning related research and government advice in Dar es Salaam.