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Regional Labour Markets

Regional Quality of Jobs (1995- 1998)

This project studies the impact of technological change on regional economic development. Whereas in previous empirical studies spatial disparities were primarily treated in quantitative terms, they are expressed here by the quality of jobs in terms of company-specific functional characteristics as well as in terms of personal characteristics and qualification of workers. The changes in regional disparities are, for the first time in regional science in Germany, studied on the basis of time series data extending back from 1993 to 1976. To corroborate the results they are compared with similar results for France the spatial structure of which is comparable with the Federal Republic after the unification. First results of the project indicate parallels between the quantitative and qualitative aspects of spatial structural change. The decentralisation tendencies observed for some time at all spatial scales apply not only to total employment but also if employment is deeply classified by level of education or job characteristics. For instance, the growth rates of employment in research and development are considerably larger outside of than inside of agglomerations. In addition the time series data suggest that these differences in growth rates will persist and that therefore a further reduction of spatial disparities in terms of quality of jobs is likely. In the second phase of the project the investigation of regional disparities is extended by the inclusion of information on regional income. The project is funded by the German Research Council (DFG) as part of its Targeted Research Area 'Technological Change and Regional Development in Europa'.

Contact: Franz-Josef Bade

Other projects in this research area: