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Spatial Planning in Developing Countries

Megacities - Dar es Salaam (2005- 2008)

Rapid urbanisation raises enormous challenges particularly in developing countries. Here, urban growth is taking places mostly in unplanned and informal ways, leading to problematic urban structures and settlements. The Megacities project deals with the case of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) focussing on trunk infrastructure supply in the context of rapid urbanisation under poverty. The aim of the project is to examine the options for a better integration between infrastructure planning and urban design to guide the urban development of Dar es Salaam in an appropriate way. Local planning is currently unable to keep track with the rapid development and exhibits major deficits with respect to the coordination of the different local actors concerned with infrastructure provision.

Looking particularly at the example of water supply the project is going to explore the potentials of an enhanced integration for an improved management of urban development. The first step is to analyse the city growth of the past decades. Thereafter, qualitative methods will be employed to examine which measures are most promising considering the local conditions. On the other hand in a quantitative approach a simulation model will be developed to simulate the past and future urban development of Dar es Salaam. By integrating respective planning scenarios into the model the different policy options will be assessed. Conducting local workshops the results will be combined leading to actual project proposals.

After the initial project phase an implementation phase in which actual measures will be conducted is scheduled which requires successful interim evaluation of the project first. The project is initially sponsored for two years by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research under the scope of "Research for Sustainable Development of the Megacities of Tomorrow". It is conducted in close cooperation with the Division of Utility Systems (VES) and the Division for Spatial Planning in Developing Countries (REL/SPRING) at the department of Spatial Planning at University of Dortmund.

Contact: Dr. Ing. Christian Lindner

Further information: www.raumplanung.uni-dortmund.de/irpud/megacities

Related publications:

  • Hill, A.; Lindner, C.: GIS-based simulation of the impact of trunk infrastructure provision on rapid urban growth in developing countries
  • Hill, A.; Kreibich, V.; Lindner, C.: Informal city structures and urban growth patterns in rapidly developing urban environments
  • Basteck, T.; Hill, A.; Hühner, T.; Lindner, C.; Scholz, W.: Trunk Infrastructure and Urban Growth
  • Kreibich, V.; Hill, A.; Lindner, C.; Hühner, T.: Dar es Salaam, Tansania - Megacity der Zukunft.
  • Hill, A.; Lindner, C.: City structure and development of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania – Patterns and trends of informal urban dynamics.

Other projects in this research area: