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Sustainable Spatial Development

SPARTACUS: System for Planning Urban Sustainability (1996- 1998)

The SPARTACUS project ('System for Planning and Research in Towns and Cities for Urban Sustainability'), which was completed in October 1998, was selected by the European Commission for presentation as a 'success-story' project at the conference inaugurating the 5th Framework Programme for Research and Technology Development in Essen in February 1999. The objective of the project was to analyse and evaluate different strategies for sustainable urban development. The project focused on the interaction between transport, land use and environment in urban areas taking account of social and economic aspects. The method applied was based on an existing computer simulation model of the interaction between transport and spatial urban development (MEPLAN). The model was extended so that also long-term ecological and social impacts of different policy bundles could be assessed. The model was applied to three European cities, Bilbao, Helsinki and Naples. IRPUD's contribution to SPARTACUS consisted of computerised methods for the calculation of traffic-related noise and air pollution immissions. The results of the study showed that it is impossible to achieve sustainable spatial urban development with land use policies, e.g. land use restrictions in suburban areas, only. Much more effective were significant increases in the out-of-pocket costs of car travel. For achieving sustainable spatial urban development, a combination of policies from the fields of transport cost, speed limits, land use and targeted public investments was recommended. The study was part of the 'Environment and Climate' field of the Fourth Framework Programme for Research and Technology Development of the European Commission. The international project team was coordinated by LT Consultants, Helsinki, Finland; the other partners were from the United Kingdom and from Italy and Spain.

A German version of a summary of the final report can be found here.

Contact: Dipl.-Ing. Klaus Spiekermann, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael Wegener

Other projects in this research area: