Sie sind hier: Start > 



Sustainable Spatial Development

TRILAT: Sustainable Transport Planning in Israel and Palestine (1997- 2000)

This research project funded by the German Research Council (DFG) is a cooperation between the Universities of Bonn and Dortmund, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Applied Research Institute Jerusalem in Bethlehem.
Sustainable transport planning in Israel and the emerging Palestinian state faces major uncertainty and challenges. With rising income levels and car ownership, problems of road congestion, air pollution and traffic noise are expected to multiply in this densely populated region. While on the Israeli side massive road construction has replicated trends in other developed countries, the transport infrastructure in the Palestinian territories has been neglected for decades. The by-pass roads built by the Israeli authorities to link Jewish settlements with Israel and restrictions on travel by Palestinians aggravate the problems of inequity in mobility. Air pollution generated by traffic in the conurbations of central Israel is transmitted to the West Bank due to prevailing air flows. These conditions have made transport planning proposals for Israel and the West Bank highly sensitive conflict-laden issues.
The three-year project "GIS-Based Models and GIS Tools for Sustainable Transport Planning in Israel and Palestine" is to contribute to the rational solution of these conflicts by providing state-of-the-art tools to assist in the rational assessment of the long-term equity and environmental implications of alternative transport planning policies. The study area of the project comprises the West Bank and adjacent areas of Israel and Jordan. In Phase 1 of the project (March 1997 to February 1999) three tasks were accomplished: An integrated spatial data base for traffic planning was assembled from a variety of structurally heterogeneous data sources. A set of models and tools for linking a transport model (EMME/2) with a geographic information system (ARC/INFO) and for modelling air pollution and network extensions was developed. The model system was tested in a pilot application. The objective of Phase 2 of the project (March 1999 to February 2000) is to test and apply the integrated spatial database and the models and tools developed in Phase 1 and to enhance them by models for assessing local environmental impacts.

Contact: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Michael Wegener

Other projects in this research area: