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Sustainable Spatial Development

Agents, Motives, Driving Power of Urban Sprawl (2005- 2006)

impact of transport infrastructure on housing and mobility decisions


Description/objectives of the project:

The exodus of inhabitants from cities to suburban areas has negative impacts on urban and regional development. Most severe problems in the city encompass an erosion of tax base, under-worked infrastructure capacities, and segregation. Moreover, the city region suffers from the burden of urban sprawl which leads to an increasing volume of individual motor car traffic. In contrast, the individual household or the suburban municipalities benefit from suburbanisation, but this benefit is likely to induce negative external effects.

Although these determinants and consequences of suburbanisation are well known, the problem of suburbanisation is far from being solved. In light of proceeding suburbanisation in German city regions, one may question the success of the strategies which have actually been applied by municipal planning authorities.

Therefore, within the project the motives of households that moved from the city to suburbia and the effects of these relocations on the mobility behaviour of the migrants in four typical German city regions are re-examined in a household survey. Additionally, face-to-face interviews with this group of migrants and for the first time also with households that moved back from suburban locations to the city centre are conducted. Based on this empirical studies strategies to counter suburbaniszation are deduced. 


Dortmund’s contribution:

  • Analysis of the household survey and the face-to-face interviews with focus on the migration decisions of households and the differences between groups of migrants that are / not influenced by municipal strategies to counter suburbanisation
  • Improved strategies to counter suburbanisation with a focus on local housing markets

Major outputs: The findings of the empirical analysis and the strategies to counter suburbanisation are presented in a final report.

Contact: Univ.-Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Hans H. Blotevogel, Angelika Münter

Further information: http://www.bbr.bund.de/cln_005/nn_21272/DE/Veroeffentlichungen/BBR-Online/2007/ON212007.html

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